The RMAN Recovery Catalog is a database schema that holds the metadata detailing the RMAN backup operations performed on the target database. The metadata include the following information from about the target database: database structure, RMAN configuration, data file and archive log backups (backup sets, pieces and copies), archived redo logs and their copies. In addition to the metadata the recovery catalog can also store scripts that can be used by all registered target databases.
This document will detail the steps to create an RMAN recovery catalog using Oracle Database 11gR2 on Oracle Enterprise Linux. The process is the same for other versions of UNIX and Windows.
It is recommended that the recovery catalog be in a database separate from any of the target databases. Many organizations store the recovery catalog in the same database as their Enterprise Manager Grid Control repository. It is also recommended that the database that houses the recovery catalog to be in
First create a table space to house the recovery catalog schema.
SQL> create tablespace rec_catalog11g 2 datafile '/u02/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/rec_catalog11g1.dbf' 3 size 10M autoextend on 4 extent management local uniform size 1M Tablespace created. SQL>
Next we create the recovery catalog owner. The user SYS cannot be the owner of the recovery catalog.
SQL> create user rcat identified by password 2 default tablespace rec_catalog11g 3 quota unlimited on rec_catalog11g; User created. SQL> grant recovery_catalog_owner to rcat; Grant succeeded. SQL>
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER has all of the privileges need to query and maintain the recovery catalog.
SQL> select privilege from dba_sys_privs where grantee = 'RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER'; PRIVILEGE ---------------------------------------- CREATE SYNONYM CREATE CLUSTER ALTER SESSION CREATE DATABASE LINK CREATE PROCEDURE CREATE SEQUENCE CREATE TABLE CREATE SESSION CREATE TYPE CREATE VIEW CREATE TRIGGER 11 rows selected. SQL>
The actual creation of the recovery catalog is performed in RMAN while connected to the database in which the catalog is to be created. The command
CREATE CATALOG will create the recovery catalog in the default table space of the user. If you need to store the catalog in a table space other than the users default table space you can provide the table space name using
[oracle@ora1 ~]$ rman target / catalog rcat@orcl Recovery Manager: Release 220.127.116.11.0 - Production on Thu Aug 26 11:53:37 2010 Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. connected to target database: ORCL (DBID=1239150297) recovery catalog database Password: connected to recovery catalog database RMAN> create catalog tablespace rec_catalog11g; recovery catalog created RMAN>